All roof designs are not suitable for every home or structure and every design serves a correct function. What I am saying is very simple, if you built in a particular area and a certain type of home, then you design your roof to handle that environment and building shape. Many factors go into the design of a roof that is decided by structural engineering measures. Due to the complexity, it is always best to have an expert guide you as to what is the best approach moving forward. Let’s take a look at a few of the known designs used on many different structures.
1. Gable Roof:
One of the most popular roofs is the gable; if you had to travel far and wide you would notice that many of the buildings, especially the older type houses would have some type of gable roof. This roof has a pitched like design that allows for snow and rain to easily runoff. This lessens the ability of the roof to collapse. This type of roof is easily damaged in high winds like hurricanes and storms.
2. Hip Roof:
The hip roof has a design where the four sides of the roof slant down from the middle section. The shape forms a ridge at the top and the sides are of the same size. This design is a stronger roof than the gable which is a good thing as it can withstand strong winds much better, but the cost is way higher as it requires more material and technical labor.
3. Mansard Roofs:
The mansard roof has a particularly ugly shape but has plenty of space for anyone who would prefer that extra living space or have that extra floor. The roof has four sides with a straightened top and curved at the bottom, but there are various designs. If you want a large attic that can be used as a garret or dorm then this type of roof is ideal. The mansard roof is great for more space but terrible when it snows as the snow can’t runoff. This type of roof uses different types of metals that help its functionality and save money in the long run.
4. Gambrel Roofs:
Gambrel roofs are the types of roofs you may see on a barn. The gambrel is compared in some ways to a two-sided mansard but it also reminds me in some ways of a gable roof without the overhanging sides. This type of roof offers lots of extra living space but is not the best choice when it snows heavily or the winds are very high.
5. Flat Roof:
The flat roof is different from any of the other roofs mentioned above. Despite being called a flat roof, there is a very small pitch to allow for runoff as that is very important. Most industrial buildings use a flat roof, not many homes have them. For s stronger house, some homeowners make theirs out of concrete, so the entire house is one solid block. This type of design is like a bunk style that can resist hurricanes and types of bad storms. The roof allows for lots of outdoor living space but is a very bad design when it snows heavily. The roofs can leak as well if not done right.
I hope you found the information useful, these are just a handful of the designs you may find around the country, but they all serve their own purposes.